0

Food habits, lifestyle lead to kidney stones in kids and Adults

Children as young as two are having surgery to remove kidney stones, once considered a grown-ups affliction.
Minal and Mehul Joshi (names changed) were shocked to be told their 18-month-old son Yash had a complex stone, Staghorn calculi, in his kidneys. ‘‘One has always associated kidney stones with uncles and grandfathers. Moreover, the condition seemed easy to resolve with medicines. But we were devastated to learn our son needed a procedure,’’ says Minal.

Food habits, lifestyle lead to kidney stones in kids and Adults

Food habits, lifestyle lead to kidney stones in kids and Adults

She believes poor water intake was to blame. But an April study in the Journal of Paediatrics lists a host of lifestyle factors — increased intake of salt, lower intake of milk, obesity and antibiotics — and says these doubled the incidence of kidney stones in South Carolina’s children between 1996 and 2007.

India does not have its own studies on paediatric kidney stones. Doctors offer varied opinions but all agree it’s cause for concern. Paediatric urologist Dr Arbinder Singhal, who operated on Yash says he has seen at least seven or
eight such cases in the last one year.

 

Steps towards Prevention

  • Cut down on colas and drinks high in sugar or salt. A Wisconsin university doctor has warned it’s not just salty chips and French fries, but processed foods like canned soups, packaged meals and even sports drinks
    like Gatorade
  • Dairy products can reduce the risk of stones because dietary calcium binds with oxalate before it reaches the kidney
  • Children between five and 10, who have stones, should drink six glasses of water a day. Be active

 

Calcium supplements to blame for kidney stones?

India’s young are getting hit with kidney stones. Paediatric urologist Dr Arbinder Singhal says: ‘‘We have been seeing about seven to eight children with kidney stones every month for the last one year.’’ In fact, an endoscopic technique called percutaneous nephrolithotomy that was used for grownups was recently improvised for use in children.
The Mumbai-based Paediatric Oncall Journal states that ‘‘kidney stones are not very common in children. However, these stones are being discovered now with increasing frequency, amounting for up to one in each 1,000 childhood admissions.’’ Paediatric nephrologist Dr Pankaj Deshpande says he has seen infants as young as six months with kidney stones. ‘‘We’re definitely seeing more children than before,’’ he says.

Most kidney stones occur when oxalate, a byproduct of some foods, binds to calcium in urine. Other common stones are calcium phosphate and uric acid stones. While no such reasons are established in India, Dr Deshpande feels that only lifestyle reason he would identify is the rampant use of calcium supplements. ‘‘Another reason could be better availability of technology. A decade back, ultrasound screening wasn’t as frequently prescribed as it is today for children,’’ he says.

 

Preventing kidney stones

To prevent the formation of stones in the kidney, one should drink more water if one notices yellow coloured urine which is a sign of less water in the body, says Dr N Subramanian

Kidney stones are solid mineral deposits that accumulate inside the kidney or in other parts of the urinary tract. It can cause acute pain. There can be one or more stones present at the same time in the kidney or in the ureter. Some symptoms are severe back or abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting along with excessive sweating. If there is fever also, one should consult a doctor.

To prevent kidney stones

Drink at least three litre of water daily as this prevents dehydration and reduces the risk of forming stones. Additional water should be taken while performing strenuous exercise. One should drink more water if one notices yellow coloured urine which is a sign of less water in the body

  • Eating a tender coconut daily prevents stone formation
  • Eat low-fat diet rich in proteins. Increase intake of fruits and vegetables Self-care at home
  • Remain well hydrated and keep the urine diluted
  • If you are taking calcium stones, avoid consuming animal protein from meat and dairy products
  • Discontinue consumption of calcium supplements and food rich in calcium like ice creams, chocolates, tea etc
  • Patients suffering from oxalate stones should avoid consumption of green vegetables, black pepper, almonds and peanuts
  • Salt intake should be restricted
  • People suffering from uric acid stones must avoid citrus fruits

To prevent kidney stones

Points to remember

  • Most stones pass out of the body without a doctor’s help
  • When you pass a stone, try to catch it in a strainer to show your doctor Consult your doctor if you have severe back pain and it doesn’t subside. Or, you spot blood in urine

 

Types of kidney stones

Sometimes a smooth large stone may pass through with little pain whereas a small one with spicules may get stuck and cause excruciating pain, says Dr Ajit Saxena

A kidney stone is a solid piece of material that forms in a kidney out of the substances in the urine. A stone may stay in the kidney or break loose and travel down the urinary tract. While a small stone may pass out of the body without much pain, a larger stone may get stuck in the ureter, bladder, or the urethra, causing a lot of pain. The shape of the stone also determines the pain. Sometimes a smooth large stone may pass through with little pain whereas a small one with spicules may get stuck and cause excruciating pain.

Types

  • Calcium: An important part of the diet, it is required for healthy bones and muscles. However, the calcium that is not used by the body is flushed out by the kidney along with the urine. In some people, it joins with other waste products to form a stone.
  • Struvite stone: This stone may form after an infection in the urinary system. It contains minerals, magnesium and waste products (ammonia)
  • Uric acid stone: This forms when the urine contains too much acid. In such cases one may have to cut down on the amount of meat
  • Cystine stones: They help in the formation of muscles, nerves, and other parts of the body. Cystine can build up in the urine to form a stone. Formation of these stones is genetic. Stones which are passed spontaneously should be saved for analysis

Ways to expel stone

  • Take fluids in abundance as this helps flush out the stone. It increases the movement of a stone through the urinary tract
  • Pass the urine forcibly and
    speedily when the bladder gets full, so that the stone in the pathway goes down faster. Chemical analysis of a calculus passed in the urine or removed surgically is very helpful in identifying the underlying causative factor and helps prevent recurrences.

Nikesh Sharma

Nikesh Sharma is a health and beauty writer, independent researcher with a long history and expertise of providing reliable and relatable health content for magazines, newsletters, websites including blogs and journals. He also enjoy exploring men’s and women’s health category writing articles about sex and relationships, product review and providing information on sexual health.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Urology Procedures India

Urocare india | Adrenal Gland Disorders Treatment in India | Benign Urethral Lesions Treatment in India | Bladder Diverticulum Treatment in India | Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Treatment in India | Bladder Prolapse (Cystocele) Treatment in India | Buried Penis Treatment in India | Ectopic Kidneys Treatment in India | Extrinsic Obstruction of the Ureter Treatment in India | Fistula Treatment in India | Hematuria Treatment in India | Hydroceles and Inguinal Hernias Treatment in India | Interstitial Cystitis Treatment in India | Prostatitis Treatment in India | Peyronie's Disease Treatment in India | Renal Fusion (Horseshoe Kidney) Treatment in India | Spermatoceles Treatment in India | Urine Incontinence Treatment in India | Urinary Tract Infection Treatment in India | Ureterocele Treatment in India | Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction Treatment in India | Urologic Pelvic Pain Syndrome Treatment in India | Urethral Stricture Disease Treatment in India | Varicoceles Treatment in India | Prostate Cancer Treatment in India | Bladder Cancer Treatment in India | Cervical Cancer (Cervix) Treatment in India | Ovarian Cancer Treatment in India | Ureter Cancer (Renal Pelvis) Treatment in India | Uterine Cancer Treatment in India | Vulvar cancer Treatment in India | Kidney Cancer Treatment in India | Penile Cancer Treatment in India | Testicular Cancer Treatment in India | Urethral Cancer Treatment in India | Ovarian Germ Cell Tumour Treatment in India | Urinary Tract Infection Treatment in India | Urethral Stricture Treatment in India | Posterior Urethral Valve (PUV) Treatment in India | Urethritis Treatment in India | Urethral Syndrome Treatment in India | Urinary Tract Obstruction Treatment in India | Urethral Trauma Treatment in India | Urethral Caruncle Treatment in India | Gall Stone Treatment in India | Neurogenic Bladder Treatment in India | Bladder Exstrophy Treatment in India | Enuresis (Bedwetting) Treatment in India | Transurethral Resection (TURP) | Ureterocele Treatment in India | Stress Incontinence Treatment in India | Prostate Cancer Treatment in India | Robotic Prostatectomy Treatment in India | HIFU Treatment in India | Artificial Sphincter Surgery Treatment in India | Brachytherapy Treatment in India | Bilateral Salpingo - Oophorectomy Treatment in India | Kidney Transplant Surgery Treatment in India | Nephrectomy Treatment in India | ESWL Treatment in India | Endopyelotomy Surgery Treatment in India | Endometrial Carcinoma Surgery Treatment in India | Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) Treatment in India | Lithotripsy Treatment in India | Urethroplasty Surgery Treatment in India | Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty Treatment in India | Orchiectomy Treatment in India | Penile Implant Surgery Treatment in India | Orchiopexy Treatment in India | Phalloplasty Treatment in India | Radical Nephrectomy Treatment in India | Transurethral Resection of Prostate (TURP) Treatment in India | Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy Treatment in India | Radical Prostatectomy Treatment in India | Green Light PVP Treatment in India | Holmium Laser Surgery Treatment in India | Internal Urethrotomy Treatment in India | Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE) Treatment in India | Tubal Recanalisation Surgery Treatment in India | Tubal Ligation Reversal Surgery Treatment in India | Total Cystectomy Treatment in India | Priapism Treatment in India | Laparoscopic Surgery for Ovarian Cyst Treatment in India | Laparoscopic Myomectomy Treatment in India | Inguinal Hernia Surgery Treatment in India | Umbilical Hernia Surgery Treatment in India | Hiatus Hernia Surgery Treatment in India | Anal Fistula Surgery Treatment in India | Hysterectomy Surgery Treatment in India | Penectomy Treatment in India | Pro Lapse Bladder Surgery Treatment in India | Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection Treatment in India | Disorders of Sex Development (DSD) Treatment in India | Benign Urethral Lesions in Children - Boys Treatment in India | Benign Urethral Lesions in Children - Girls Treatment in India | Bladder Exstrophy Treatment in India | Bladder Fistula Treatment in India | Ectopic Kidneys Treatment in India | Ectopic Ureter Treatment in India | Epispadias Treatment in India | Hydroceles and Inguinal Hernias Treatment in India | Hydronephrosis Treatment in India | Hypospadias/Failed Hypospadias Treatment in India | Multicystic kidney Treatment in India | Neurogenic Bladder Treatment in India | Penile Trauma Treatment in India | Posterior urethral valve Treatment in India | Renal Fusion (Horseshoe Kidney) Treatment in India | Undescended Testis Treatment in India | Ureterocele Treatment in India | Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction Treatment in India | Varicoceles Treatment in India | Vesicoureteral Reflux Treatment in India | Bladder Prolapse (Cystocele) Treatment in India | Fibroids Uterus Treatment in India | Fecal Incontinence Treatment in India | Gynecologic Tumor Markers Treatment in India | Hematuria Treatment in India | Interstitial Cystitis Treatment in India | Incontinence of urine Treatment in India | Minimally Invasive Management of Urinary Incontinence Treatment in India | Overactive Bladder Treatment in India | Ovarian Cyst Treatment in India | Prolapse of pelvic organs Treatment in India | Trans Vaginal Tape (TVT) Treatment in India | Urethral Diverticulum Treatment in India | Vaginal Cancer Treatment in India | Uterine Prolapse Treatment in India | Voiding Dysfunction Treatment in India | Vaginitis Treatment in India | Vesicovaginal Fistula Treatment in India | Kidney Stone Treatment in India | Bladder Stone Treatment in India | Ureteral Stones Treatment in India


Mobile Links

Erectile Dysfunction ED Treatment in India | Diabetes cause Impotence Treatment India | Penile Prosthesis in India | Penile Implant Surgery Treatment in India | Prostate Cancer Impotence Treatment in India | Penile Implant International Patient Experience | Medical Tourism in India | Phalloplasty Surgery in India | Cosmetic Penile Surgery in India | Penile Implant candidate | Types of Penile Implants | Top Urologist Surgeons in India | Causes of Impotence and Treatment in India | Lithotripsy Surgery in India | Peyronie Disease Treatment in India | Priapism Treatment in India | Shockwave Therapy for Erectile Dysfunction in India | ED1000 Treatment in India | Urethroplasty Surgery in India | Urethral Stricture Surgery in India | Cystoscopy Surgery in India | Inguinal Hernia Surgery in India | Urologic Pelvic Pain Syndrome Surgery in India | FAQ About Penile Implant Surgery in India | Urinary Incontinence Treatment India | TUR-Bladder Tumour Surgery in India | Internal Urethrotomy Surgery in India | Anastomotic Urethroplasty Technique India | Tissue Transfer Urethroplasty Surgery in India | Buccal Mucosal Graft Urethroplasty India | Penile Urethroplasty using Skin Flap India | Johansen's Urethroplasty India | Radical Nephrectomy Surgery India | Nephrostomy Surgery India | Endopyelotomy Surgery India | Ureteroscopy for Kidney Stones India | Transurethral Resection of Prostate (TURP) India | Total Cystectomy Surgery India | Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy India | Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty Surgery India | Orchiectomy Surgery India | Orchiopexy Surgery India | Radical Prostatectomy Surgery in India | Vesicovaginal Fistula Surgery in India | Trans Vaginal Tape India | Premature Ejaculation Treatment in India | Robotic Prostatectomy Surgery in India | Artificial Urinary Sphincter Surgery in India | Fibroid Removal Myomectomy Surgery in India | Penectomy Surgery India | ASK THE DOCTOR | Prostate Cancer - Overview, causes, symptoms and treatment in India