2

Bladder control – Urine incontinence is a common complaint among the elderly

Urine incontinence is a common complaint among the elderly. Dr Parul R Sheth explains why coughing, sneezing or simply laughing can leak a few drops of urine

IT can happen to anyone. It can happen when you cough, sneeze or laugh – leak a few drops of urine. Urinary incontinence, as is medically termed is loss of control over urination so that urine leaks before you are able to get to a toilet.The problem needs attention when the loss of urine is frequent or severe to become socially embarrassing. Never hide your problem because the good news is that in most cases urinary incontinence can be treated and controlled.

Bladder control – Urine incontinence is a common complaint among the elderly

TYPES OF INCONTINENCE

“Chances of urinary incontinence are 1:5 (men: women). Stress incontinence can occur in women while coughing, sneezing, laughing or exercising,”says Dr Ajit Vaze, consultant urologist at the Jaslok Hospital, Breach Candy Hospital, Lilavati Hospital and Sir Harkisondas Hospital, Mumbai.Weak muscles in the pelvic floor are often to blame. In young women, the most common cause of urinary incontinence is lack of muscle support at the bladder neck, the place where the bladder joins the urethra (urine tube).

“Urine incontinence is not common during pregnancy,” says Dr. Manu Sobti, consultant urologist at the Wadia Maternity Hospital and Holy Family Hospital, Mumbai.“But following child birth, the supports of bladder weaken causing stress incontinence. Incontinence more commonly occurs after menopause, due to loss of estrogen (female hormones),”he adds.

Frequent, high-impact aerobics is known to cause stress incontinence, as can heavy lifting and chronic constipation, since frequent straining to defecate tends to damage tissue in the lower pelvis. Obesity may contribute as well, because excess weight places pressure on the bladder. Smokers are more prone to incontinence.

Urge incontinence occurs when the bladder muscles are too active. Even if the bladder has little urine, the person feels a strong urge to urinate but cannot get to a toilet in time. Although healthy people can have urge incontinence, it is often found in people who have diabetes, stroke, dementia, Parkinson’s disease, or multiple sclerosis. It can also be a warning sign of early bladder cancer. In men, it is often a sign of an enlarged prostate. Alcohol, certain medications, bladder infections, and nerve damage can cause urge incontinence.

You can have both stress and urge together, known as mixed incontinence. Rare conditions such as tumors, surgical complications, and pelvic organ prolapse can cause the other, less common forms of incontinence. So can caffeinated beverages; these can aggravate the Urinary Incontinence. The ailment is also related to radiation therapy.

WHO CAN GET AFFECTED?

Says consultant urologist Dr. Rupin Shah from Lilavati Hospital, Mumbai,“Large number of people suffer from urinary incontinence. Almost 30 per cent of women experience stress incontinence at one stage or other in their life. Out of these only 10-15 per cent need treatment. Around 5-10 per cent of the male population suffer from urge incontinence. Most of the elderly men, who develop incontinence are with prostate problems or neurological disorder.”

Infants and children are not considered incontinent, but merely untrained, up to the time of toilet training. Occasional accidents are not unusual in children up to age 6 years.

GETTING EVALUATED

Let your doctor evaluate you after history taking, physical exam and blood tests for possible medical problems that could be causing the incontinence. Urine analysis is also done to rule out the possibility of urinary tract infection. “Urodynamic studies are important for evaluating the type of incontinence because treatment options vary depending upon the cause and the type of the incontinence you have,” informs Dr. Sobti.

 

TREATMENT OPTIONS

BIOFEEDBACK

Biofeedback uses electrodes that are placed on the pelvic floor muscles. The muscles are stimulated using electrical stimulation with low voltage electrical current. informing you when the muscles are contracted and when they are not. The process helps you learn to control your body functions. It can be done for 20 minutes every 1 to 4 days.

BLADDER RETRAINING

Incontinence needs bladder retraining, which involves urinating on a schedule, whether you feel a need to go or not. Try to wait until the next scheduled time. Train yourself so that you are urinating every 3-4 hours without leakage.

KEGEL EXERCISES FOR WOMEN

The exercises involve contracting the pelvic floor muscles for 10 seconds, and relaxing them for 10 seconds. Repeat 10 times. Do the exercise thrice in a day. You can do these at any time and at any place. These can be done with or without bio feedback.

  • Find your pelvic muscles by stopping the urine flow midstream
  • The muscles you need to contract are these pelvic floor muscles, which stop the urine midstream
  • Do not contract you thigh, abdominal or buttock muscles
  • Do not overdo the exercises because it may worsen the incontinence
  • Vaginal cones enhance the performance of Kegel exercises for women

PREVENTION

  • Perform Kegel exercises to strengthen the muscles that surround the urethra, vagina and rectum
  • Avoid constipation and abdominal straining. Increase fibre in your diet
  • Control persistent coughs
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Quit smoking
  • Avoid lifting heavy weights
  • Avoid alcohol and caffeinated beverages, they overstimulate your bladder
  • Spicy foods, sodas, citrus fruits and juices may irritate your bladder Control your blood sugar if you are a diabetic

TREATMENT OPTIONS

If your symptoms are getting worse, your doctor may prescribe medicines that relax the bladder, increase bladder muscle tone, strengthen the sphincter (the circular muscles around the opening of the bladder) or strengthen the smooth muscles of the urethra. Says Dr. Sobti,“Local application of estrogen creams can help postmenopausal women to improve the elasticity of pelvic muscles and the surrounding tissues.”

Bladder Filling and Urine incontinence

Reveals Dr. Vaze,“For those women in whom the initial exercises such as Kegel do not work we give behaviour modifications, advice use of vaginal cones and prescribe medicines. If these are ineffective then surgical procedures such as tension-free vaginal tape (TVT), laparoscopic procedures or BURCH suspension are done. The newer procedure is the trans obturator test (TOT).”

In case of obstruction or deformity in the bladder neck or urethra, surgery may be required. Older men may need prostate-ectomy (removal of the prostate gland).

“Following treatment about 80-85 percent of individuals with urinary incontinence find that their symptoms improve,” says Dr. Vaze.

Those who use behavior modification treatments may find improvement only after a few weeks of therapy. Kegel exercises improve urine control in 40-75 percent of women who use them.Yoga too can help.

 

edtadmin

2 Comments

  1. A very informative article about Urinary Incontinence. While this article is about how Urinary Incontinence affects the elderly, it also affects women after childbirth and people in their 40’s and 50’s.
    Suzanne Andrews, producer of 30 Day Bladder Fix Pelvic DVD.

Leave a Reply to porno Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Urology Procedures India

Urocare india | Prostate Cancer Treatment India | Common Urology Surgery | Common Urology Conditions | Robotic Prostatectomy Surgery in India | HIFU for Prostate Cancer Surgery in India | Artificial Sphincter Surgery Surgery in India | Kidney Transplant Surgery in India | Nephrectomy Surgery India | Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy in India | Endopyelotomy Surgery India | Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy PCNL India | Lithotripsy Surgery India | Urethroplasty Surgery India | Laparoscopic pyeloplasty Surgery India | Orchiectomy Surgery India | Penile Implant Surgery India | Orchiopexy Surgery India | Phalloplasty Surgery India | Radical Nephrectomy Surgery India | Transurethral Resection of the Prostate TURP Surgery India | Radical Prostatectomy Surgery India | Green Light PVP Surgery India | HOLMIUM LASER ENUCLEATION OF THE PROSTATE India | Internal Urethrotomy Surgery in India | Uterine Fibroid Embolization India | Tubal Ligation Reversal Surgery India | Total Cystectomy Surgery India | Priapism Treatment India | Laparoscopic Ovarian Cyst Surgery India | Laparoscopic Myomectomy Surgery India | Inguinal Hernia Surgery | Umbilical Hernia Surgery India | Hiatus Hernia Surgery India | Anal Fistula Surgery India | Hysterectomy Surgery India | Penectomy Surgery India | Bladder Prolapse Cystocele Surgery India | Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection Surgery India

Mobile Links

Erectile Dysfunction ED Treatment in India | Diabetes cause Impotence Treatment India | Penile Prosthesis in India | Penile Implant Surgery Treatment in India | Prostate Cancer Impotence Treatment in India | Penile Implant International Patient Experience | Medical Tourism in India | Phalloplasty Surgery in India | Cosmetic Penile Surgery in India | Penile Implant candidate | Types of Penile Implants | Top Urologist Surgeons in India | Causes of Impotence and Treatment in India | Lithotripsy Surgery in India | Peyronie Disease Treatment in India | Priapism Treatment in India | Shockwave Therapy for Erectile Dysfunction in India | ED1000 Treatment in India | Urethroplasty Surgery in India | Urethral Stricture Surgery in India | Cystoscopy Surgery in India | Inguinal Hernia Surgery in India | Urologic Pelvic Pain Syndrome Surgery in India | FAQ About Penile Implant Surgery in India | Urinary Incontinence Treatment India | TUR-Bladder Tumour Surgery in India | Internal Urethrotomy Surgery in India | Anastomotic Urethroplasty Technique India | Tissue Transfer Urethroplasty Surgery in India | Buccal Mucosal Graft Urethroplasty India | Penile Urethroplasty using Skin Flap India | Johansen's Urethroplasty India | Radical Nephrectomy Surgery India | Nephrostomy Surgery India | Endopyelotomy Surgery India | Ureteroscopy for Kidney Stones India | Transurethral Resection of Prostate (TURP) India | Total Cystectomy Surgery India | Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy India | Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty Surgery India | Orchiectomy Surgery India | Orchiopexy Surgery India | Radical Prostatectomy Surgery in India | Vesicovaginal Fistula Surgery in India | Trans Vaginal Tape India | Premature Ejaculation Treatment in India | Robotic Prostatectomy Surgery in India | Artificial Urinary Sphincter Surgery in India | Fibroid Removal Myomectomy Surgery in India | Penectomy Surgery India | ASK THE DOCTOR