What is a ketogenic diet?

PUT simply, it is a way of eating that promotes ketosis. Ketosis is a state where your body begins using fat for fuel, either from the foods you eat or your body fat, rather than carbohydrates.

The Ultra Lite Weight Management Program is a tried and tested ketogenic eating plan that promotes fat loss and has assisted thousands of people for greater than two decades.

This way of eating is low in carbs, moderate in protein and moderate in fats.

Relying on carbs as your sole energy source can lead to a rollercoaster of blood sugar.

You eat sugar and it spikes, only to crash later, causing you to eat more sugar to boost up your body’s blood sugars again.

A ketogenic eating plan, being higher in good fats, provides a slower burning energy.

This minimises the swings in blood sugar, leading to more stable levels of energy throughout the day.

It is best to transition slowly to becoming fat burning.

If you are like most people, you have spent your whole life carb adapted and teaching your body to use another source of fuel can take time.

It can be helpful to transition to eating ketogenic under the supervision of a trained practitioner as they can help you avoid a lot of common pitfalls.

Tips to get started:

Gradually extend the period spent fasting overnight to 12 hours or more, eg; finishing dinner at 7:30pm and starting breakfast at 7:30am the next day.

Doing a little bit of easy, fasted exercise in the morning like a walk can also be great.

Gradually increase your consumption of healthy fats including avocado, coconut oil, olive oil, nuts, seeds and olives while gradually reducing consumption of high carbohydrate foods like refined and packaged foods, breads and pastas, potatoes and lots of grains and including more fibrous vegetables such as green leafy vegetables, zucchini, broccoli, cauliflower, onions and asparagus

JERF: ‘Just Eat Real Foods’

Whole, minimally processed foods probably not sold in a packet.

This includes fresh fruits and vegetables, nuts, legumes and beans, animal products, extra virgin olive and coconut oil. Going for real foods keeps cravings down in several ways. There is no real one size fits all approach, what has worked for your friends may be different to what works for you.

We are all unique so this is where having a practitioner on your team really shines.

On top of keeping you accountable, practitioners can properly assess where you are right now and work with you to determine the best steps to control your cravings.

From our experience we can also help you to avoid many common pitfalls, especially the ones that come with changing the way you eat.



Beating back the SARS-CoV-2 virus is no mean feat, but the process of regaining your full health can be a long, rduous journey too. Due to lingering after-effects that vary in intensity from person to person, COVID-19 can continue to ake you feel poorly, even after testing negative.

Fatigue, inflammation, pulmonary fibrosis—scarring on the lungs leading to shortness of breath, chronic fatigue and dry cough—hair loss, joint pain, insomnia and feelings of depression and anxiety, are just some of the symptoms you might be feeling. Here are some foods that can help a speedy recovery.


Healthy fats in almonds are a rich source of oleic acid, which helps stabilize high blood-sugar levels and fights inflammation—one of the most harmful long-term effects of the COVID virus. Just about 20 almonds a day can provide 37 per cent of vitamin E and 20 per cent of magnesium requirements, both essential for recuperation. Vitamin E helps protect our cells from oxidative damage while magnesium increases energy and muscle strength, boosts restful sleep and reduces stress. Higher magnesium intake is also linked to reduced symptoms of depression.


Muscle wasting, body aches and exhaustion are commonly seen due to hypermetabolism and excessive nitrogen loss during the COVID infection. To overcome this, try amaranth which offers good quality protein, iron, selenium and magnesium. Protein and selenium are also needed for the antibodies we make as an immune response. This pseudo-cereal also provides a balance of nutrients that reduces hair loss after COVID.


High bioavailability of nutrients in chickpea sprouts makes this an ideal dietary element during recovery. Not only do sprouted chickpeas have an amino acid profile that is better suited to digestion than unsprouted ones, their phytic acid content is also low thereby enhancing our ability to easily absorb its vitamins and minerals. Chickpeas are also a great source of fibre. Studies reveal that a high-fibre diet is related to lower levels of inflammatory cytokines and enhanced levels of short chain fatty acids—a key factor in maintaining healthy gut microbiota, which plays an important role in better immunity. Sprouts are also rich in critical B and C vitamins, which supports our energy production and tissue-repair abilities.


Packed with potent metabolites including gingerols and shogaols, ginger is traditionally used as a flu fighter and has been found to help control high blood sugar post-COVID. Ginger juice helps in reducing mucous and soothing a sore throat. It improves blood circulation and cell oxygenation and is a natural prebiotic, meaning it acts as food for good gut bacteria.


Pomegranates are rich in punicalagins and punicic acid both of which have high antioxidant properties. This nutrient packed fruit helps restore respiratory strength by boosting the concentration of nitrates in the blood and its owerful anti-inflammatory compounds aid in reducing joint pain and swelling


Best and worst foods for your sex life

There are a lot of things that can make sex better. One of them is no other than eating some foods that are proven aphrodisiacs in their own way. Some of these foods are good for increasing one’s mood and desire for sex. While on the flip side, there are some food, which will actually make one not want to even think about or have sex at all.

What are these foods? Read on.

Best Foods:

Almonds contain zinc, selenium, and Vitamin E. These are three ingredients that have been shown to be very important for sexual health and reproduction. Zinc is a mineral that does help produce mens sex hormones and to boost libido. Selenium is said to help with fertility issues.

Strawberries are very rich naturally in anti-oxidants which are great for good health. These anti-oxidants promote good circulation for both the heart and arteries. They are also very rich in Vitamin C, which is said to, boost the sperm count up in men.

Check this Article: Penile Implant Surgery in India

Avocados are a superfruit that is very rich naturally in Vitamin E, which does have lots of anti-oxidants, and these anti-oxidants are very good health properties for the body. They also have potassium and Vitamin B6, which are both very good for heart health, and to promote good blood flow.

Tomatoes are a great sex food that is all natural. They contain an ingredient called lycopene. Lycopene is very good and beneficial to a man’s prostate health overall. It is truly indeed a love fruit in every way.

Oysters are a very well known aphrodisiac. They are very high in zinc and zinc is what delivers. What does it deliver? It delivers a major increase in libido and testosterone. Maintaining good and strong testosterone levels for sex are important. This is because these levels do deliver when it comes to sexual vigor and stamina.

Chocolate is something that is not only sweet, but is good for everything. Not only will it satisfy your taste buds. It will also go all out to increase sexual stamina. Chocolate does contain natural flavanoids. These natural flavanoids are an anti-oxidant that does help to lessen the risk of heart disease. Chocolate pumps up the heart in a good way and a good heart rate is great for good sex.

Worst Foods:

It’s very true that meat does contain zinc and protein. However, on the flip side, it also contains things that are not so good for health. These things are all about saturated fats and cholesterol. Two bad things that can promote high blood pressure, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes. These health conditions can affect blood circulation and sexual function.

It’s very true that a glass of wine can relax a person. This is something that cannot be denied. However, alcohol can be one of the worst things for a love life, in that it can dampen one’s sexual desire. It can also decrease arousal, sensitivity, and lower one’s inhibitions.

Any fatty foods:
Fatty foods are bad. A lot of fried and fast foods out there have tremendous levels of bad fats in them. These bad fats are no other than saturated and trans fats. These bad fats can affect your heart and blood flow. They can also cause diabetes type 2 in people. Type 2 diabetes can lead to having sexual problems in both men and women.

If you want your sex life to improve on all fronts. There are some foods that can definitely help and enhance the romance in a big way. However, there is also foods to avoid, if you don’t want the sex to be next to none or none at all. It’s truly amazing that what we can eat can influence this in a major way. So, with this said, only eat the foods that will make you feel sexier and want sex from your partner or significant other. You don’t want to eat foods that are bad for you in general. Stay away from the worst foods that have been included in this list. You will not only protect your sexual health, but also, your long term overall health too. This is why this article was put together to help with both sexual health and regular health for the future.

Source: ED Treatment India



Mindful eating is about eating slowly and it could be the remedy for our fast-paced times, which have more diets but also more obesity


Place a forkful of food in your mouth. It doesn’t matter what the food is, but make it something you love — let’s say it’s that first nibble from hot, fragrant, perfectly cooked chicken curry and rice. Now comes the hard part. Put the fork down.

Today’s experiment in eating involves becoming aware of that reflexive urge to plow through your meal like a public schoolboy. Resist it. Leave the fork on the table. Chew slowly. Stop talking. Tune in to the texture of the chicken, the flavour of the curry, the aroma of the rising steam.

Continue this way and you’ll experience the third-eye-opening pleasures and frustrations of a practice known as mindful eating. The concept has roots in Buddhist teachings.

And in the eyes of some experts, what seems like the simplest of acts — eating slowly and genuinely relishing each bite — could be the remedy for our fast-paced times in which an endless parade of new diets never seems to slow a stampede toward obesity.

Mindful eating is not a diet, or about giving up anything at all. It’s about experiencing food more intensely — especially the pleasure of it. You can eat a cheeseburger mindfully, if you wish. You might enjoy it a lot more. Or you might decide, halfway through, that your body really needs some salad.

A good place to try it is the Blue Cliff Monastery, in Pine Bush, NY, where curious lay people can join Buddhist brothers and sisters for a free “day of mindfulness” twice a week.

At a recent gathering, visitors filed
into a dining room for lunch. No one spoke, in keeping with a key principle of mindful eating. The point is simply to eat, as opposed to eating and talking, eating and watching TV, or eating and watching TV and gossiping on the phone while Tweeting and updating one’s Facebook status.

A long buffet table of food awaited, all of it vegetarian and mindfully prepared by two monks in the kitchen. There was plenty of rice, herbed chickpeas, a soup made with cubes of taro, a stew of fried tofu in tomato sauce.
In silence, people piled their plates with food, added a squirt or two of condiments (eating mindfully doesn’t mean forsaking the chilli sauce) and sat down together with eyes closed during a Buddhist prayer for gratitude and moderation.

What followed was captivating and mysterious. Surrounded by a murmur of clinking forks, spoons and chopsticks, the congregation, or sangha, spent the lunch hour contemplating the enjoyment of spice, crunch, saltiness, warmth, tenderness and like-minded company.

As their jaws moved slowly, their faces took on expressions of deep focus. Every now and then came a pause within the pause: A chime would sound, and, according to the monastery’s custom, all would stop moving and chewing in order to breathe and explore an even deeper level of sensory awareness.

It looked peaceful, but inside some of those heads, a struggle was afoot.

“It’s much more challenging than we would imagine,” said Carolyn Cronin, 64, who lives near the monastery and regularly attends the mindfulness days. “People are used to eating so fast. This is a practice of stopping, and we don’t realize how much we’re not stopping.”

Mindful eating is meant to nudge us beyond what we’re craving so that we wake up to why we’re craving it and what factors might be stoking the habit of belly-stuffing.

“As we practice this regularly, we become aware that we don’t need to eat as much,” said Phap Khoi, 43, a robed monk stationed at Blue Cliff.


OK, so you don’t happen to live in a Buddhist monastery. You can still give mindful eating a spin by incorporating a few gestures and rituals into your calorie intake

  • WHEN YOU EAT, JUST EAT Unplug the electronica. Focus on the food
  • CONSIDER SILENCE Avoiding chatter for 30 minutes might be impossible in some families, but specialists suggest greenhorns start with periods of quiet
  • TRY IT WEEKLY. Sometimes there’s no way to avoid wolfing down a burger in your cubicle. But if you set aside one sitdown meal a week as an experiment in mindfulness, the insights may influence everything else you do
    Anything that reconnects you with the process of creating food will magnify your mindfulness
  • CHEW PATIENTLY It’s not easy, but try to slow down, aiming for 25 to 30 chews for each mouthful


Potency of meditation

Though the comportment of meditation is important, however, the intention, honesty and dedication one performs with are crucial…

Potency of meditation is highly recognized and is unmatched. Research shows people who meditate have been found to increase thickness in parts of brain dealing with attention and sensory inputs and more activity in left prefrontal cortex which is related to concentration and feeling good factors… In spite of people acknowledging the importance and potency of meditation, it is invariably taken as a paramount task which is naturally compatible to few people. However, meditation is not difficult if the interest is generated in a planned manner.

Read spiritual stories & autobiographies The first step in creating interest in meditation is by reading spiritual stories. Not necessarily one needs to read profound spiritual literatures; one can read autobiographies of great saints to start with. This process enhances motivation towards the entire process of meditation since they share their experiences. Further, it instills a curiosity in knowing and comprehending nature and other metaphysical happenings and helps in understanding its soundness.

Offer Before eating meals offer it to the divine. This helps one not only in building a connection with the divine but also gives joy and contentment.

Action & surrender All actions performed should be done as a duty towards the divine. By doing so not only one performs for the almighty but also surrenders the result of ones act.

Meditate at a particular time and place Choose that time of the day when one is fairly free and the surrounding is peaceful. The best time is early in the morning or late at night. Also ensure that one meditates in a particular place as this helps creating a disciplinary space only for meditation.

Only observe Keep observing the thoughts while meditating but don’t penetrate into them. Doing so would effectively upshot into replacements of thoughts which one only observes and not penetrates into. This is a sign of progressive meditation. It takes one to stage of mindlessness that one starts feeling in 2-3 weeks time.


The Truth About Superfoods

Can exotic foods from places with less disease and obesity make Americans healthy and thin too?


You can hardly push a shopping cart through a supermarket these days without bumping into so-called superfoods — exotic edibles like acai, goji berries, and chia seeds that are purportedly packed with health-boosting nutrients. Step over to the health-and-wellness aisle, and you’ll find many superfoods in supplement form, promising all that lifesaving goodness in a single, easy-to-pop pill.

If you’re tempted to buy, you have good reason. The term superfood has colonized both mainstream and natural-food stores, even though the word has no scientific or FDA-approved meaning, says Dr. Frank Sacks of the Harvard School of Public Health. “It’s just a term somebody dreamed up. The trendy term used to be nutraceutical. Now it’s superfood, and the public needs to be very, very skeptical.” Today’s leading experts use the term to refer only to such everyday natural foods as salmon, broccoli, and blueberries, whose health benefits are supported by reams of research.

But where does that leave the latest crop of foreign-sounding edibles — acai, goji, maca, maqui, chia, and more — that barely existed in the market 10 years ago and are now hailed as superfoods? “The way these things work,” says Christopher Gardner, a nutrition researcher at Stanford University School of Medicine, “is that you find some superhealthy population, you ask what they eat, you discover that they eat something others don’t, and then you get a biochemist to look at it.” The biochemist then identifies a new antioxidant compound in the food, and you — if you’re a savvy manufacturer — start cranking out a line of juices, smoothies, or cereals that contain the “superfood.” You claim your product has incredible health benefits and credit it to one or more of three top-selling buzzwords: antioxidants, omega-3, and nutrient density.

Buzzword #1: Antioxidants

Antioxidants are produced by plants to mend cell damage caused by photosynthesis. When combined with cancer cells in test tubes, antioxidants inhibit the growth of malignant cells and limit oxidative damage, which contributes to aging and disease. While lab results have been promising, human studies haven’t been as auspicious, in part because some antioxidants break down in our digestive tract, preventing the compounds from even entering our bloodstream. What’s more, large-population studies of people taking antioxidant supplements show that the pill form has no benefit and may even increase the risk of cancer.

Why do manufacturers continue to bottle and sell antioxidants if there’s no definitive proof that they improve human health? For that answer, one need look only to the supplement and fortified-food industries, both worth billions of dollars. While there’s no big monetary payoff in reminding people to eat broccoli, manufacturers can make hefty profits selling a pricey pill or drink that promises easy-to-swallow optimal health.

“The main thing to keep in mind is that all plant foods — all plants — contain antioxidants,” says Michael Pollan, best-selling author of In Defense of Food. “Do some fruits or vegetables have more than others? Probably. But is that significant? Do they survive in the body? No one knows. The best bet is to consume a wide variety of plant foods. To put all your chips on one berry” — or all your berries on one chia chip — “is probably not smart.”

Buzzword #2: Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Omega-3s have far more conclusive health benefits than antioxidants do. These fatty acids, found in fish as EPA and DHA and in plants as alpha-linolenic acid, or ALA, are essential to human health: We can’t live without them, and our bodies can’t make them. Research shows that omega-3s from marine life may help prevent cardiovascular and cognitive diseases, but there’s less evidence for health benefits from ALA — the selling point of chia, hemp, and flaxseeds — partly because fewer studies have been done.

“We don’t have the best-quality clinical trials for ALA, but we do have a big scientific database of population studies showing that people eating higher levels of ALA have a lower incidence of heart attacks,” says Sacks. In other words, there’s a good reason to consider ALA beneficial, but Sacks cautions that no one knows how much of the fatty acids are optimal or even if more ALA is always better. “It could be a deficiency thing, that if you have a very low amount, you’re at a higher risk of disease,” he says. “At least, that’s the working hypothesis.”

As for chia, the seeds have the highest ALA concentration of any plant food, but walnuts are also rich in the compound. However, chia does have one unique effect not found in other foods with ALA: Once consumed, the seeds produce a viscous gel in the stomach that may trigger fullness and satiety. Studies, though, have yet to conclude that this in turn leads to weight loss.

Buzzword #3: Nutrient Density

Nutrient density measures the concentration of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and other compounds in a food relative to its total calorie count. Eating nutrient-dense foods like acai and pomegranates certainly beats a diet of such nutrient-void foods as white bread and candy, but since most fruits and vegetables are nutrient dense, you can find many of the vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants in, say, goji berries, in more common foods like oranges and carrots.

None of this means that exotic superfoods aren’t healthy additions to a balanced diet. What it does suggest, however, is that scientists aren’t sure how antioxidants, omega-3s, and other specific nutrients affect our overall health — a statement that also applies to more traditional superfoods like salmon, blueberries, walnuts, kale, and Greek yogurt. What we do know is that the more processed a food is, regardless of whether it’s called a superfood or not, the less healthy it is. So no matter what you choose to consume, be sure to eat it in as close to its natural form as possible.


The Scary Truth About Vitamin E

New studies show that the popular supplement may increase the risk of cancer.

If you’ve been taking vitamin E because you heard it helps prevent prostate cancer or heart disease, you may want to stop. The supplement — taken in some form by almost 40 percent of all American men — was shown by a long-term study funded by the National Cancer Institute to increase the incidence of prostate cancer by an alarming 17 percent.


Vitamin E is essential to human health; without the fat-soluble nutrient, your body wouldn’t function properly. The nutrient may improve immune function and dilate blood vessels, which can help prevent the blood clots that lead to heart attacks. It’s also a known antioxidant, meaning it should supposedly help mop up cancer-causing free radicals. For this reason, some experts have suggested that older men take a large dose of vitamin E daily to help prevent prostate cancer. Trial participants took 400 IU per day, which is nearly 20 times more than the FDA’s daily recommendation for the nutrient. But, “lots of men in this age group — over 50 — buy these supplements at the doses that we used and take them,” says trial co-author Dr Vineet Malhotra, a urologist at the Diyos Mens Clinic.

So how could it be that vitamin E increases cancer risk?

One possibility, says Klein, is that when people take too much vitamin E, their bodies aren’t able to absorb other cancer-fighting vitamins. Still another theory is that vitamin E somehow spurs budding cancer cells to grow, literally “feeding the tumor,” says Dr. Lisa Ganjhu, a gastroenterologist and internist at St. Luke’s–Roosevelt Hospital in New York City.

It’s not just vitamin E that has come under scrutiny, though — recent studies have called the safety of many vitamin supplements into question. A 2007 analysis of 68 clinical trials published in the Journal of the American Medical Association reported that beta-carotene, vitamin A, and vitamin E supplements can increase a person’s risk of premature death by 5 percent. A 2009 trial of nearly 7,000 men found that taking folate and vitamin B12 pills increases cancer risk in people with heart disease. And a large trial funded by the National Cancer Institute discovered that beta-carotene and

Vitamin A supplements increase the risk of fatal lung cancer in smokers.

None of this research means that you should swear off all vitamins. “For the average healthy guy with a reasonable diet, I recommend about 1,000 IU of vitamin D whenever daily sun exposure is not happening, as well as one gram of an omega-3 oil supplement from algae or krill,” says Dr. David Katz, founder of Yale University’s Prevention Research Center. But, he adds, “it’s important to remember: supplement, not substitute. There is nothing in a pill that can replace eating well.”


Vitamin E pills tied to prostate cancer

Delhi: There is more evidence that taking vitamin E pills can be risky. A study that followed up on men who took high doses of the vitamin for about five years found they had a slightly increased risk of prostate cancer — even after they quit taking the pills. Doctors say it’s another sign that people should be careful about using vitamins and other supplements.

“People tend to think of vitamins as innocuous substances, almost like chicken soup — take a little and it can’t hurt,” said lead author Dr Vineet Malhotra of the Diyos Mens Clinic. The study shows that is not true.

“If you have normal levels, the vitamin is probably of no benefit, and if you take too much, you can be harmed,” Klein said.

Men randomly assigned to take a 400-unit capsule of vitamin E every day for about five years were 17% more likely to get prostate cancer than those given dummy pills. That dose, commonly found in over-the-counter supplements, is almost 20 times higher than the recommended adult amount, which is about 23 units daily.

The results mean for every 1,000 men who took vitamin E, there were 11 additional cases of prostate cancer, compared with men taking dummy pills.


Vitamin pills not good for health

People On Dietary Supplements Have Higher Death Rates, Says Study

Women taking multivitamins don’t live longer than those who get their nutrients from food alone, according to a US study that found they in fact appear to have slightly higher death rates.

About half of adult US residents take dietary supplements, and the industry now boasts of annual sales as high as $20 billion. Yet research suggests that some of the largely unregulated substances, such as vitamins A and E, could be harmful in high doses. “There is very little evidence showing that common dietary supplements would be beneficial in prevention of major diseases,” said Jaakko Mursu of the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis. “Unless you are deficient, there is no reason to take them,” he said.

Mursu and his colleagues used data from nearly 39,000 older women who participated in the Iowa Women’s Health Study and filled out questionnaires starting in 1986. The survey asked about use of multivitamins, vitamins A, C, D and E as well as beta-carotene, B vitamins and minerals such as calcium, copper, magnesium, selenium and zinc.
During the study, supplements became increasingly popular. Between 1986 and 2004, the proportion of women who said they took one or more jumped from 63% to 85%. Only calcium supplements were linked to a lower risk of death over 19 years of follow-up. That link held up even after considering that women taking supplements had a healthier lifestyle than the rest. By contrast, women taking other supplements did not live longer.


Docs claim leukemia cure with arsenic, vitamin A

Hong Kong: Doctors appear to have safely and successfully treated patients with cancer of the blood and bone marrow with a combination of arsenic and vitamin A, according to long-term study in China.

In an article published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the doctors said they prescribed the regimen to 85 patients and monitored them for an average of 70 months. Of these, 80 patients went into complete remission and the researchers did not find any associated long-term problems and there was no development of secondary cancers.

“Two years after the treatment, the patients had arsenic levels well below safety limits, and only slightly higher than controls,” they wrote.


Food habits, lifestyle lead to kidney stones in kids and Adults

Children as young as two are having surgery to remove kidney stones, once considered a grown-ups affliction.
Minal and Mehul Joshi (names changed) were shocked to be told their 18-month-old son Yash had a complex stone, Staghorn calculi, in his kidneys. ‘‘One has always associated kidney stones with uncles and grandfathers. Moreover, the condition seemed easy to resolve with medicines. But we were devastated to learn our son needed a procedure,’’ says Minal.

Food habits, lifestyle lead to kidney stones in kids and Adults

She believes poor water intake was to blame. But an April study in the Journal of Paediatrics lists a host of lifestyle factors — increased intake of salt, lower intake of milk, obesity and antibiotics — and says these doubled the incidence of kidney stones in South Carolina’s children between 1996 and 2007.

India does not have its own studies on paediatric kidney stones. Doctors offer varied opinions but all agree it’s cause for concern. Paediatric urologist Dr Arbinder Singhal, who operated on Yash says he has seen at least seven or
eight such cases in the last one year.


Steps towards Prevention

  • Cut down on colas and drinks high in sugar or salt. A Wisconsin university doctor has warned it’s not just salty chips and French fries, but processed foods like canned soups, packaged meals and even sports drinks
    like Gatorade
  • Dairy products can reduce the risk of stones because dietary calcium binds with oxalate before it reaches the kidney
  • Children between five and 10, who have stones, should drink six glasses of water a day. Be active


Calcium supplements to blame for kidney stones?

India’s young are getting hit with kidney stones. Paediatric urologist Dr Arbinder Singhal says: ‘‘We have been seeing about seven to eight children with kidney stones every month for the last one year.’’ In fact, an endoscopic technique called percutaneous nephrolithotomy that was used for grownups was recently improvised for use in children.
The Mumbai-based Paediatric Oncall Journal states that ‘‘kidney stones are not very common in children. However, these stones are being discovered now with increasing frequency, amounting for up to one in each 1,000 childhood admissions.’’ Paediatric nephrologist Dr Pankaj Deshpande says he has seen infants as young as six months with kidney stones. ‘‘We’re definitely seeing more children than before,’’ he says.

Most kidney stones occur when oxalate, a byproduct of some foods, binds to calcium in urine. Other common stones are calcium phosphate and uric acid stones. While no such reasons are established in India, Dr Deshpande feels that only lifestyle reason he would identify is the rampant use of calcium supplements. ‘‘Another reason could be better availability of technology. A decade back, ultrasound screening wasn’t as frequently prescribed as it is today for children,’’ he says.


Preventing kidney stones

To prevent the formation of stones in the kidney, one should drink more water if one notices yellow coloured urine which is a sign of less water in the body, says Dr N Subramanian

Kidney stones are solid mineral deposits that accumulate inside the kidney or in other parts of the urinary tract. It can cause acute pain. There can be one or more stones present at the same time in the kidney or in the ureter. Some symptoms are severe back or abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting along with excessive sweating. If there is fever also, one should consult a doctor.

To prevent kidney stones

Drink at least three litre of water daily as this prevents dehydration and reduces the risk of forming stones. Additional water should be taken while performing strenuous exercise. One should drink more water if one notices yellow coloured urine which is a sign of less water in the body

  • Eating a tender coconut daily prevents stone formation
  • Eat low-fat diet rich in proteins. Increase intake of fruits and vegetables Self-care at home
  • Remain well hydrated and keep the urine diluted
  • If you are taking calcium stones, avoid consuming animal protein from meat and dairy products
  • Discontinue consumption of calcium supplements and food rich in calcium like ice creams, chocolates, tea etc
  • Patients suffering from oxalate stones should avoid consumption of green vegetables, black pepper, almonds and peanuts
  • Salt intake should be restricted
  • People suffering from uric acid stones must avoid citrus fruits

Points to remember

  • Most stones pass out of the body without a doctor’s help
  • When you pass a stone, try to catch it in a strainer to show your doctor Consult your doctor if you have severe back pain and it doesn’t subside. Or, you spot blood in urine


Types of kidney stones

Sometimes a smooth large stone may pass through with little pain whereas a small one with spicules may get stuck and cause excruciating pain, says Dr Ajit Saxena

A kidney stone is a solid piece of material that forms in a kidney out of the substances in the urine. A stone may stay in the kidney or break loose and travel down the urinary tract. While a small stone may pass out of the body without much pain, a larger stone may get stuck in the ureter, bladder, or the urethra, causing a lot of pain. The shape of the stone also determines the pain. Sometimes a smooth large stone may pass through with little pain whereas a small one with spicules may get stuck and cause excruciating pain.


  • Calcium: An important part of the diet, it is required for healthy bones and muscles. However, the calcium that is not used by the body is flushed out by the kidney along with the urine. In some people, it joins with other waste products to form a stone.
  • Struvite stone: This stone may form after an infection in the urinary system. It contains minerals, magnesium and waste products (ammonia)
  • Uric acid stone: This forms when the urine contains too much acid. In such cases one may have to cut down on the amount of meat
  • Cystine stones: They help in the formation of muscles, nerves, and other parts of the body. Cystine can build up in the urine to form a stone. Formation of these stones is genetic. Stones which are passed spontaneously should be saved for analysis

Ways to expel stone

  • Take fluids in abundance as this helps flush out the stone. It increases the movement of a stone through the urinary tract
  • Pass the urine forcibly and
    speedily when the bladder gets full, so that the stone in the pathway goes down faster. Chemical analysis of a calculus passed in the urine or removed surgically is very helpful in identifying the underlying causative factor and helps prevent recurrences.

Five foods that can boost your sex drive

Most are aware that erectile dysfunction drugs such as Viagra, Levitra, and Cialis can spark up your love life. However, the medications have side-effects such as headaches and they are expensive. I consulted with Dr. Muhammad A. Mirza, a board-certified internist who specializes in treating problems with sexual function. He noted that, in his clinical experience, healthy lifestyle choices regarding diet and exercise can have an effectiveness of 80% of what can be attained with erectile dysfunction drugs. The advantage of these foods is that they are free of side-effects and their cost is negligible because healthy foods are no more expensive—and may be cheaper—than junk foods. Dr. Mirza notes that these foods can benefit women as well as men because they can boost libido.

Five food recommendations from Dr. Mirza:

Eggs: Just another reason to make breakfast in bed for your special someone. Eggs are high in vitamins B6 and B5, which help balance out hormone levels and fight stress, two things that are imperitive to a healthy libido. For a quick fix, eat raw chicken eggs just prior to having sex. It will both increase your libido and increase your energy level. The only drawback of eggs is that they are high in cholesterol.

Garlic: Gross garlic breath is actually a good thing. Garlic contains a compound called allicin which increases blood flow to the sexual organs thus heightening the libido. If you really can’t stand garlic, try taking garlic capsules instead.

Strawberries, raspberries and blackberries: Not only are these delicious when dipped in chocolate, but they are also loaded with vitamins C and E, which put your sex drive into gear. These fruits also have an added benefit of leaving your skin supple and sensitive.

Celery: Definitely not the most romantic vegetable, but celery can be a fantastic source food for sexual stimulation. Celery contains the hormone androsterone, which when eaten is released through male perspiration and turns women on. In addition, male hormones can boost the sex drive in both men and women.

Whole grains: Whole grains have been shown to increase testosterone levels, which ultimately boosts sex drive. So, what better reason do you need to listen to your doctor about eating more whole grains?

Dietary changes can also assist with erectile dysfunction. Men who eat a large amount of junk foods, harmful fats, and carbohydrates are very likely to suffer from sluggishness and erectile issues. Replacing these items with raw fruits, vegetables, and food high in B vitamins may work wonders in increasing energy and virility.

Increased exercise is another natural method that may assist a man with achieving and maintaining an erection. Cardiovascular activity not only increases the blood flow, but it also changes the levels of endorphins in the body. Once a person engages in cardiovascular activities for a period of 10-20 minutes, positive feelings and extra energy emerge. These feelings can last as long as 60 minutes, which is enough time for a man to take a shower and try to engage in sexual activities.

Ginkgo is an herb that manufacturers use to make certain medications. Experts have concluded that ginkgo causes arousal in both men and women by increasing their overall blood flow. A person who wishes to try the effects of ginkgo can find it in supplements at the local drug store. However, one should not use ginkgo if he has a condition that requires him to take blood thinners. This could cause an adverse reaction.

Ginseng is one of the leading remedies for erectile dysfunction. The best type of Ginseng to take for this condition is Korean red ginseng. Specialists performed a study in 2002 of 45 men who were taking ginseng to offset ED. The results of the study concluded that a majority of the men experienced better penile tip rigidity after beginning treatment. Specialists are not quite sure how the ginseng works, though they gather that it has something to do with nitric oxide synthesis.

Dr. Mizra takes a holistic approach to treating sexual problems as can be discerned from the above recommendations. He notes that, in addition to improving your sex life, these dietary and lifestyle choices can improve your overall health.


The Best Foods You’re Not Eating – Foods and Their Benefits

There are many super-foods that never see the inside of a shopping cart. Some you’ve never heard of, others you’ve simply forgotten about. That’s why we’ve rounded up the best of the bunch. Make a place for them on your table and you’ll instantly upgrade your health—without prescription! Foods and Their Benefits


This grungy-looking root is naturally sweeter than any other vegetable, which means it packs in tonnes of flavour underneath that rugged exterior.

  • Why it’s healthy: Think of beetroot as red spinach. Just like Popeye’s power food, this crimson vegetable is one
    of the best sources of both folate and betaine. These two nutrients work together to lower your blood levels of homocysteine, an inflammatory compound that can damage your arteries and increase your risk of heart disease. What’s more, the natural pigment betacyanin, which gives beetroot its bright colour, is a proven cancer fighter, very efficacious in laboratory experiments on mice.
  • How to eat it: Fresh and raw, not from a jar. Heating beetroot actually decreases its antioxidant power. For a simple, single-serving salad, wash and peel one beet, and grate it on the widest blade of a box grater. Toss with 1 tbsp of olive oil and juice of half a lemon. You can eat its leaves and stems, which are also packed with nutrients. Simply cut off the stems just below the point where the leaves start, and wash thoroughly. They’re now ready to be used in a salad. Or, for a side dish, sauté the leaves over medium-high heat, along with a minced clove of garlic and a tbsp of olive oil. Cook until the leaves wilt and the stems get tender. Season with salt, pepper and a squeeze of lemon juice, and sprinkle some freshly grated Parmesan cheese over it. Mmm…!


Beetroot fights heart disease Cinnamon fights Type 2 diabetes Pomegranate juice fights high blood pressure Cabbage and dried plums fight cancer Pumpkin seeds fight age-related debilitation Guava fights prostate cancer


This old-world spice usually reaches most people’s stomachs only when it’s mixed with sugar and stuck on to a dessert roll!

  • Why it’s healthy: Cinnamon helps control your blood sugar, thus lowering your risk of heart disease. In fact, researchers have found that if people with Type 2 diabetes consume 1 g (about ¼ tsp) of cinnamon every day for 6 weeks, not only is their blood sugar significantly reduced but their triglyceride and LDL (bad) cholesterol levels also dip significantly. Credit the spice’s active ingredients—thylhydroxychalcone polymers—which increase your cells’ ability to metabolise sugar by up to 20 times.
  • How to eat it: You really don’t need the fancy oils and expensive extracts sold in drug stores. Just sprinkle the stuff that’s in your spice rack into your coffee or on your breakfast oatmeal cereal.


A popular drink for decades in the Middle East, pomegranate juice has become widely available in stores only recently.

  • Why it’s healthy: Scientific trials show that men who downed just 2 ounces of pomegranate juice daily for a year decreased their systolic blood pressure by 21 per cent and significantly improved blood flow to their hearts. What’s more, 4 ounces of the stuff provide 50 per cent of your daily Vitamin C needs!
  • How to drink it: Since it’s so potent, a glassful daily is all you need. Can’t find the juice in a store? Buy some fruit and juice it at home, or simply eat the fruit instead.


Guava has a higher concentration of lycopene – an antioxidant that fights prostate cancer —than any other plant food, including tomato and watermelon!


Not a much-loved veggie but a major free radical killer!

  • Why it’s healthy: One cup of chopped cabbage has just 22 calories but is loaded with valuable nutrients, such as sulforaphane, which increases your body’s production of enzymes, which disarm celldamaging free radicals and reduce your cancer risk.
  • How to eat it: Add shredded cabbage to burgers and sandwichs for a satisfying crunch.


Sink your teeth into this…

  • Why it’s healthy: Guava is the best source of lycopene—an antioxidant that fights prostate cancer. In addition, one medium-sized guava provides 688 mg of potassium, 63 percent more than you get from a banana.
  • How to eat it: Down the entire fruit, from rind to seeds. It’s all edible, and nutritious. The rind alone has more Vitamin C than the flesh of an orange.


You may know these better as ‘prunes’, which are indelibly linked with constipation concerns! Uh, that explains why, in an effort to revive the delicious fruit’s image, the producers now market them under another, more palatable name—dried plums!

  • Why they’re healthy: Prunes contain high amounts of neochlorogenic and chlorogenic acids—antioxidants that are particularly effective at combating the superoxide anion radical. This nasty free radical causes structural damage to your cells, and such damage is thought to be one of the primary causes of cancer.
  • How to eat them: Wrap a paper-thin slice of prosciutto ham around a dried plum and secure with a toothpick. Bake at 400 °F for 10–15 minutes, until the plums are soft and the prosciutto is crispy. Yum plum!



These are usually discarded when a pumpkin is cooked into a vegetable, soup or pie. But they are the most nutritious part of the pumpkin!

  • Why they’re healthy: Downing pumpkin seeds is the easiest way to consume more magnesium. That’s important because researchers recently determined that men with the highest levels of magnesium in their blood have a 40 per cent lower risk of early death than those with the lowest levels. And, on an average, men consume 353 mg of the mineral daily, well under the 420 mg minimum recommended.
  • How to eat them: Whole, shells and all. (The shells provide extra fibre.) Roasted pumpkin seeds contain 150 mg of magnesium per ounce; add them to your regular diet and you’ll easily hit your daily target of 420 mg. Look for them in your grocery store—next to peanuts, almonds, sunflower seeds.